Anthology of ROMANTICISM

Selected and Edited by Ernest Bernbaum

Third Edition Revised and Enlarged.

New York: Ronald Press, 1948.

[from] Preface

These selections from the voluminous literature of the English Romantic Period (c. 1783-1832) were not chosen merely for historical reasons, or because they were popular in their own time (some were so, others were then almost unknown). This is not an herbarium, nor a museum of fossils; it is not a collection of flora or fauna, once alive, but now dead. It is an anthology in the true sense of the word,--namely a gathering together of the choicest living flowers, the still unfaded efflorescence of the vast and fecund literature of English Romanticism. I have tried to reject any passage that is trash, though it may have been often included in previous books of selections, or though it may still have some curious antiquarian interest. Even in the brief section drawn from the Pre-Romantic Movement, the main purpose of which is historical, I have admitted very few specimens (fewer than in previous editions) that are of historical interest only.

Contents

Selections from the Pre-Romantic Movement

LORD SHAFTESBURY (1671-1713)
From An Inquiry Concerning Virtue or Merit: The Moral Sense
From The Moralists: Harmony of the Moral World and the Natural

JAMES THOMSON (1700-1748)
From The Seasons
    Hardships and Benevolence
    Life's Meaning to the Generous Mind
    The Divine Force in Spring
    The Pleasing Sadness of the Declining Year
    Conclusion: A Hymn to the Creator
From The Castle of Indolence

EDWARD YOUNG (1683-1765)
From The Complaint, or Night Thoughts
In the Darkness of Night
Life Ever Here?
Welcome, Death!
From Conjectures on Original Composition

MARK AKENSIDE (1721-1770)
From The Pleasures of Imagination

JOSEPH WARTON (1722-1800)
From The Enthusiast; or, The Lover of Nature
From An Essay on the Genius and Writings of Pope

WILLIAM COLLINS (1721-1759)
A Song from Shakespeare's Cymbeline
Ode Written in the Beginning of the Year 1746
Ode to Evening
Ode on the Poetical Character
The Passions: An Ode for Music
Ode on the Popular Superstitions of the Highlands of Scotland

THOMAS WARTON (1728-1790)
From The Pleasures of Melancholy
From Observations on the Fairy Queen

THOMAS GRAY (1716-1771)
Hymn to Adversity
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
The Progress of Poesy
The Bard
Letters on Macpherson's Ossian
The Descent of Odin
The Fatal Sisters

DAVID HARTLEY (1705-1757)
From Observations on Man: The Laws of Association

JAMES MACPHERSON (1736-1796)
From Ossian
    Fingal's Romantic Generosity Toward His Captive Enemy
    The Sun
    Colma's Lament
    The Last Words of Ossian

CHRISTOPHER SMART (1722-1771)
From A Song to David

HORACE WALPOLE (1717-1797)
From The Castle of Otranto

THOMAS PERCY (1729-1811)
From Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Chevy-Chase
From Northern Antiquities
Odin, the All-Father
Nature, the Organ of Divinity

OLIVER GOLDSMITH (1728-1774)
The Deserted Village

THOMAS CHATTERTON (1752-1770)
The Boddynge Flourettes
An Excelente Balade of Charitie

WILLIAM COWPER (1731-1800)
To a Young Lady
From The Task
    The Inhumanity of Man
    Love of England
    The Religious Recluse
    The Bastille
    Meditation in Winter
    Kindness to Animals
Ode on the Receipt of my Mother's Picture
To Mary
The Castaway

ROBERT BURNS (1759-1796)
Mary Morison
The Holy Fair
From Epistle to J. Lapraik
The Cotter's Saturday Night
From The Vision: Duan Second
To a Mouse
To a Mountain Daisy
Epistle to a Young Friend
A Bard's Epitaph
Address to the Unco Guid or the Rigidly Righteous
John Anderson, My Jo
The Lovely Lass of Inverness
A Red, Red Rose
Auld Lang Syne
Sweet Afton
To Mary in Heaven

WILLIAM BECKFORD (1760-1844)
From The History of the Caliph Vathek

WILLIAM LISLE BOWLES (1762-1850)
Evening
Dover Cliffs

GILBERT WHITE (1720-1793)
From The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne
The Tortoise
The Bee-Lad

ERASMUS DARWIN (1731-1802)
From The Botanic Garden

WILLIAM GILPIN (1724-1804)
Picturesque Beauty

WILLIAM BARTRAM (1739-1823)
Incidents and Scenes in Florida

MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT (1759-1797)
From The Rights of Woman

WILLIAM GODWIN (1756-1836)
From Political Justice

ANN RADCLIFFE (1764-1823)
From The Mysteries of Udolpho

MATTHEW GREGORY LEWIS (1775-1818)
From The Monk

Selections from The Romantic Movement

WILLIAM BLAKE (1757-1827)
(Introduction)
Poetical Sketches
    To the Evening Star
    Song: "How sweet I roam'd"
    Song: "My silks and fine array"
    Song: "I love the jocund dance"
    Song: "Memory, hither come"
    Mad Song: "The wild winds weep"
    Song: "Fresh from the dewy hill"
    To the Muses
From Songs of Innocence
    Introduction: "Piping down the valleys wild"
    The Echoing Green
    The Lamb
    The Little Black Boy
    The Chimney Sweeper
    Laughing Song
    A Cradle Song
    The Divine Image
    Holy Thursday
    Nurse's Song
    Infant Joy
    On Another's Sorrow
The Book of Thel
From The French Revolution
The Bastille-Democracy-Peace
From The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
A Song of Liberty
From Visions of the Daughters of Albion
From America: A Prophecy
From Songs of Experience
    Introduction: Hear the voice of the bard!
    Earth's Answer
    The Clod and the Pebble
    Holy Thursday
    The Chimney-Sweeper
    Nurse's Song
    The Sick Rose
    The Fly
    The Angel
    The Tiger
    Ah, Sunflower
    The Garden of Love
    London
    The Human Abstract
    Infant Sorrow
From The Four Zoas: Night Two
Letter to Dr. Trusler: Imagination and Vision
To Tirzah
The Mental Traveller
From Auguries of Innocence
From Milton
    Preface
    The Flowers
    Reason and Imagination
From Jerusalem
    To the Deists
    To the Christians
From Annotations to Sir Joshua Reynolds' Discourses
Dedication to the Queen
From The Everlasting Gospel

SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE (1772-1834) (Poems)
(Introduction)
Pantisocracy
La Fayette
Koskiusko
To the Reverend W.L. Bowles
To the Author of "The Robbers"
To a Young Ass
Lewti
From Religious Musings
The Eolian Harp
Reflections on Having Left a Place of Retirement
Ode on the Departing Year
The Lime-Tree Bower My Prison
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
France: An Ode
Frost at Midnight
Fears in Solitude
From The Nightingale: A Conversation Poem
The Ballad of the Dark Ladie
On a Cataract
The Devil's Thoughts
Lines Written in the Album at Elbingerode
Love
Christabel
Kubla Khan: or, a Vision in a Dream
Dejection: An Ode
Hymn Before Sun-Rise, in the Vale of Chamouni
Answer to a Child's Question
Song From "Remorse"
Glycine's Song
To William Wordsworth
From A Tombless Epitaph
The Pains of Sleep
From Limbo
Time Real and Imaginary
Youth and Age
Work Without Hope
Epitaph

WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770-1850)
(Introduction)
From An Evening Walk
A Night-Piece
Lines Written in Early Spring
Expostulation and Reply
The Tables Turned
Anecdote for Fathers
To My Sister
Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey
The Reverie of Poor Susan
There Was a Boy
We Are Seven
The Old Cumberland Beggar
Ruth
Nutting
Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known
Lucy Gray: Or Solitude
She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways
Three Years She Grew in Sun and Shower
A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal
A Poet's Epitaph
The Two April Mornings
The Fountain: A Conversation
Michael: A Pastoral Poem
The Danish Boy
Song for the Wandering Jew
To a Young Lady
I Grieved for Buonaparte
To Toussaint L'Ouverture
It Is Not to Be Thought of
When I Have Borne in Memory
I Travelled Among Unknown Men
My Heart Leaps up When I Behold
The Sparrow's Nest
Written in March
To a Small Celandine
To the Same Flower (Pleasues newly found are sweet)
To H.C. (Hartley Coleridge)
Resolution and Independence
Nuns Fret Not at Their Convent's Narrow Room
On the Extinction of the Venetian Republic
London, 1802
Composed by the Sea-side, Near Calais
Near Dover; September, 1802
Composed Upon Westminster Bridge; September 3, 1802
It Is a Beauteous Evening, Calm and Free
Great Men Have Been Among Us
To the Daisy
To the Same Flower (With little here to do or see)
To the Daisy (Bright flower)
To the Cuckoo
The Green Linnet
Yarrow Unvisited
To a Highland Girl
The Solitary Reaper
The Affliction of Margaret
She Was a Phantom of Delight
I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
Stepping Westward
To a Skylark
Fidelity
Ode to Duty
Elegiac Stanzas (Peele Castle)
Ode: Intimations of Immortality
Character of the Happy Warrior
Yes, It Was the Mountain Echo
Personal Talk
The World Is Too Much With Us, Late and Soon
Thought of a Briton on the Subjugation of Switzerland
From The Italian of Michael Angelo
The Rock Crowned with Snowdrops
To Sleep
Where Lies the Land to Which Yon Ship Must Go
A Goodly Vessel
Song at the Feast of Brougham Castle
Yew Trees
Composed by the Side of Grasmere Lake
From  The Convention of Cintra
From The Prelude: or, Growth of a Poet's Mind
    Book I:  Childhood and School-time
    Book II:  School-time (Continued)
    Book III:  Residence at Cambridge
    Book IV:  Summer Vacation
    Book V:  Books
    Book VI:  Cambridge and the Alps
    Book VII:  Residence in London
    Book VIII:  Retrospect -- Love of Nature Leading to Love of Man
    Book IX:  Residence in France
    Book X:  Residence in France (Continued)
    Book XI:  France (Concluded)
    Book XII:  Imagination and Taste, How Impaired and Restored
    Book XIII:  Imagination and Taste, How Impaired and Restored (Concluded)
    Book XIV:  Conclusion
The Recluse
From The Excursion
    Book I:  The Wanderer
    Book II:  The Solitary
    Book III:  The Solitary's Life
    Book IV:  Despondency -- Science -- Nature
    Book IX:  Man Not a Mere Instrument
Laodamia
Weak Is the Will of Man, His Judgment Blind
Surprised by Joy -- Impatient as the Wind
Composed upon an Evening of Extraordinary Splendour and Beauty
After-Thought
From Ecclesiastical Sonnets
    Places of Worship
    Mutability
    Inside of King's Chapel, Cambridge
To the Cuckoo
To a Sky-lark
Scorn Not the Sonnet
On the Departure of Sir Walter Scott
The Trossachs
Most Sweet It Is with Unuplifted Eyes
On the Power of Sound
At the Grave of Burns
A Poet! -- He Hath Put His Heart to School
Preface to the Second Edition of "Lyrical Ballads"
Appendix: On Poetic Diction
To Lady Beaumont: On the Reception of His Poems
Essay, Supplementary to the Preface of "Lyrical Ballads"
 
SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE (1772-1834) (Prose)
Letter to George Coleridge: Character More Important Than Politics
From The Statesman's Manual: Satanic Pride
From Biographia Literaria
    Chap. IV: The Lyrical Ballads
    Chap. XII: Imagination and Fancy
    Chap. XIV: Controversy Over the Lyrical Ballads
    Chap. XVII: The Language of Poetry
    Chap. XVIII: Consequences of the Use of Metre
    Chap. XIX: Wordsworth's Real Object
    Chap. XXII: Defects and Beauties of Wordsworth's Poetry
The Characteristics of Shakspeare's Dramas
From Aids to Reflection: Two Kinds of Mystics
From Anima Poetae: The Love of Nature

CHARLES LAMB (1775-1834)
(Introduction)
Childhood Fled
The Old Familiar Faces
Hester
Parental Recollections
Written at Cambridge
Letter to Wordsworth
From On the Tragedies of Shakespeare
Modern Gallantry
Dream-Children: A Reverie
A Dissertation Upon Roast Pig
Old China
Sanity of True Genius
Preface to the Last Essays

WILLIAM HAZLITT (1778-1830)
(Introduction)
From My First Acquaintance With Poets
From Characters of Shakespeare's Plays: Hamlet
From On Familiar Style
Lord Byron

SIR WALTER SCOTT (1771-1832)
(Introduction)
William and Helen
The Violet
The Eve of Saint John
From The Lay of the Last Minstrel
    Introduction
    Sweet Teviot
    My Native Land
    Song of Albert Graeme
    Harold's Song
The Maid of Neidpath
Hunting Song
From Marmion
Nelson, Pitt, and Fox
Song: Where Shall the Lover Rest
Lady Heron's Song: Lochinvar
Introduction to Canto Sixth: Christmas
Marmion and Douglas
From The Lady of the Lake
    Canto First: The Chase
    Canto Second: Hail to the Chief
    Canto Third: The Fiery Cross
Coronach
Hymn to the Virgin
From  Rokeby
    Canto Third: Brignall Banks
        The Rover's Farewell
        Allen-a-Dale
    Canto Fifth: The Cypress Wreath
Flora MacIvor's Song
Jock of Hazeldean
Pibroch of Donuil Dhu
Why Sit'st Thou by That Ruined Hail
And What Though Winter Will Pinch Severe
The Sun Upon the Weirdlaw Hill
Proud Maisie
The Barefooted Friar
Rebecca's Hymn
County Guy
Glee for King Charles
Bonny Dundee
From Guy Mannering: The Gypsy's Curse
From The Heart of Midlothian: Jeanie Deans
From Ivanhoe: The Siege of Torquilstone
From Redgauntlet
    Wandering Willie's Tale
    The Farewell of the Last Pretender
From Woodstock: Prebyterian Ousted From Pulpit

ROBERT SOUTHEY (1774-1843)
(Introduction)
The Battle of Blenheim
The Holly Tree
On the Speech of Robert Emmet
My Days Among the Dead Are Passed
The Death of John Wesley
From The History of the Peninsular War: Zaragoza
From The Life of Nelson: Trafalgar
From The Doctor: The Story of the Three Bears

THOMAS CAMPBELL (1777-1844)
(Introduction)
From The Pleasures of Hope
    Hope Abideth
    Poland and Freedom's Cause
Ye Mariners of England
Hohenlinden
The Battle of the Baltic
The Last Man

WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR (1775-1864)
(Introduction)
On Man
Rose Aylmer
Mother, I Cannot Mind My Wheel
Regeneration
A Fiesolan Idyl
Absence
So Late Removed
Past Ruined Ilion Helen Lives
Mild Is the Parting Year
Epitaph at Fiesole
The Maid's Lament
From Imaginary Conversations
    Bishop Burnet and Hemphrey Hardcastle: Byron
    Southey and Porson: Wordsworth
    Florentine English Visitor and Landor: Rome, Keats, Shelley
    Marcellus and Hannibal
    Metellus and Marius
    Leofric and Godiva
From Pericles and Aspasia
From The Pentameron: Fifth Day
    Boccacio's Vision of His Beloved
    Petrarch's Dream of Sleep, Love, and Death
The Death of Artemidora
The Hamadryad
Twenty Years Hence My Eyes May Grow
Death Stands Above Me
On His Seventy-Fifth Birthday
Well I Remember How You Smiled

THOMAS MOORE (1779-1852)
(Introduction)
A Letter From Niagara Falls
From Irish Melodies
    Oh, Breathe Not His Name
    The Harp That Once Through Tara's Halls
    Let Erin Remember the Days of Old
    The Song of Fionnuaka
    Believe Me, if All Those Endearing Young Charms
    She Is Far From the Land
    At the Mid Hour of Night
    The Young May Moon
    The Time I've Lost in Wooing
    Dear Harp of My Country
From National Airs
    Scotch Air: Oft in the Stilly Night
    Russian Air: Hark! The Vesper Hymn Is Stealing
From Lalla Rookh
    The Fire-Worshippers
    The Light of the Haram

LORD BYRON (1788-1824)
(Introduction)
Lachin Y Gair
Lines Inscribed Upon a Cup Formed From a Skull
When We Two Parted
Inscription on the Monument of a Newfoundland Dog
From English Bards and Scotch Reviewers
Written After Swimming From Sestos to Abydos
Maid of Athens, Ere We Part
Farewell! If Ever Fondest Prayer
Ode to Napoleon Buonaparte
From Hebrew Melodies
    She Walks in Beauty's Bloom
    My Soul Is Dark
    Song of Saul Before His Last Battle
    When Coldness Wraps This Suffering Clay
    By the Rivers of Babylon We Sat Down and Wept
    The Destruction of Sennacherib
Stanzas for Music
The Dream
Sonnet on Chillon
The Prisoner of Chillon
Poems of the Separation
    Fare Thee Well
    A Sketch
Stanzas to Augusta
Stanzas for Music
Epistle to Augusta
Darkness
Prometheus
Sonnet to Lake Leman
From Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
    Canto III: Waterloo, The Rhine, The Alps, Switzerland
    Canto IV: Italy, Venice, Florence, Rome, The Ocean
Manfred: A Dramatic Poem
From Beppo: Italy and England

JOHN KEATS (1795-1821)
(Introduction)
O Solitude
Imitation of Spenser
Woman! When I Behold Thee Flippant, Vain
How Many Bards
On an Engraved Gem of Leander
To One Who Has Been Long in City Pent
I Stood Tiptoe
Oh! How I Love
On First Looking Into Chapman's Homer
Sleep and Poetry
Keen, Firful Gusts
Addressed to Haydon
To G.A.W.
On the Grasshopper and Cricket
After Dark Vapors
To Leigh Hunt, Esq.
Written on the Blank Space at the End of Chaucer's Tale
On Seeing the Elgin Marbles
On the Sea
From  Endymion
    Book I
    Book II
    Book III
    Book IV
When I Have Fears
Lines on the Mermaid Tavern
Isabella: or, The Pot of Basil
The Human Seasons
Meg Merrilies
Written Upon the Top of Ben Nevis
To Ailsa Rock
Hyperion
    Book I
    Book II
    Book III
In a Drear-Nighted December
Fancy
Ode: Bards of Passion
Song: The stranger lighted form his steed
The Eve of St. Agnes
The Eve of St. Mark
Why Did I Laugh Tonight
On a Dream
 To Sleep
On Fame
On the Sonnet
La Belle Dame sans Mercy
Ode to Psyche
The Last Sonnet
Ode on Indolence
Ode to a Nightingale
Ode on a Grecian  Urn
Ode on Melancholy
Lamia
To  Autumn
To Fanny
The Fall of Hyperion , a Vision
Canto I
Canto II
The Day Is Gone
Lines Supposed to Have Been Addressed to Fanny Brawne
To Fanny
Letters
To John Hamilton Reynolds: Eternal Poetry
To Benjamin Robert Haydon: Materials of Imagination
To Benjamin Bailey: A Life of Sensations
To John Hamilton Reynolds: What the Thrush Said
To John Taylor: Actions in Poetry
To John Hamilton Reynolds: Milton and Wordsworth
To Benjamin Bailey: Life Must Be Undergone
To George and Georgiana Keats: I Shall Never Marry
To Richard Woodhouse: The Poet Has No Identity
To George and Georgiana Keats: Hazlitt and Gifford
    The Castle of Indolence
    The Vale of Soul-Making
To Fanny Brawne: Two Luxuries
To Fanny Brawne: I Have Loved Beauty
To Percy Bysshe Shelley: Load Every Rift With Ore
 
PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY (1792-1822)
(Introduction)
Stanzas:  April 1814
To Wordsworth
Hymn to Intellectual Beauty
Mont Blanc
To Mary --: Deadication to the Revolt of Islam
To Constantia, Singing
Ozymandias
Lines Written Among the Euganean Hills
Stanzas Written in Dejection, Near Naples
Sonnet
Love's Philosophy
Ode to the West Wind
The Indian Serenade
From The Cenci: A Tragedy
 England in 1819
Song to the Men of England
From The Mask of Anarchy
Prometheus Unbound
The Sensitive Plant
The Cloud
To a Skylark
From Ode to Liberty
The Question
Hymn of Pan
To ----:  I Fear Thy Kisses
The Two Spirits: An Allegory
To the Moon
To Night
Time
To ---: Music, when soft voices die
Song: Rarely, rarely comest thou
Mutability
Political Greatness
A Lament: Oh, world! oh, time!
To ---: One word is too often profaned
To ---: When passion's trance is overpast
From  Epipsychidion
Adonais
From  Hellas
Lines: When the lamp is shattered
With a Guitar: To Jane
A Dirge
The Triumph of Life
A Defense of Poetry
Letters
To Thomas Love Peacock: The Cataract of Terni
To Thomas Love Peacock: Rome, Naples, and Vesuvius

LEIGH HUNT (1784-1859)
(Introduction)
To Hampstead
The Poets
From  The Story of Rimini
To the Grasshopper and the Cricket
The Nile
On a Lock of Milton's Hair
From  The Nymphs
The Prayer in the Bower
The Fish, the Man, and the Spirit
Abou Ben Adhem
Rondeau
The Old Lady
On Byron's "Don Juan": Cantos I and II
Getting up on Cold Mornings
On the Realities of Imagination
On a Quarterly-Reviewer's Attack on "Prometheus Unbound"
From  What Is Poetry
Coleridge
Keats

THOMAS DE QUINCEY (1785-1859)
(Introduction)
From  Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
The Pleasures of Opium
The Pains of Opium
On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth
Dream-Vision of the Infinite
From  Autobiographic Sketckes: The Affliction of Childhood
From  Suspiria de Profundis: Dreaming
The Palimpsest of the Human Brain
Levana and Our Ladies of Sorrow
From  Joan of Arc
The Literature of Knowledge and the Literature of Power
Going Down With Victory

THE YOUNG CARLYLE (1795-c.1840)
(Introduction)
Letters
To Alexander Carlyle: London a Monstrous Wen
To Thomas De Quincey: Plain Living and High Thinking
From Jean Paul Friedrich Richter
From Review of Lockhart's Life of Burns
From Signs of the Times
From Biography
From  The Death of Goethe
From  Sartor Resartus
From  The French Revolution
From  Heroes and Hero-Worship

Notes, Comments, Bibliographies, and Suggestions for Oral and Written Class Discussions

[Sample from the text:] 188. An Evening Walk [Wordsworth]

Here, as throughout Wordsworth's nature poetry, the best references are not to books but to nature itself; hence he should be studied in the country, where his precision and sensitivity can be appreciated.

189. Lines Written in Early Spring [Wordsworth]

One of the basic themes: the Universe is fair and harmonious, but Man perverts it.

395. My First Acquaintance With Poets. [Hazlitt]

In reading this famous account of Coleridge, bear in mind that it was written 25 years after the event. In 1798 Coleridge had been opposed to England's war against France. By 1823 he had become a conservative in many respects, while Hazlitt continued a radical. That explains why Hazlitt's general admiration for Coleridge is here occasionally intermixed with fault-finding, cropping out in such remarks as "our once loved poet," "his nose small, feeble, nothing--like what he has done," "instability of purpose," and "not much feeling for the classical or elegant." This memoir was first published in Leigh Hunt's anti-conservative journal, The Liberal.

528. Maid of Athens, Ere We Part [Byron]

DISC.--What do you think of J. Donald Adams' opinion that poetry such as this, . . . being poetry of the heart rather than of the brain, "has vanished from our world"?

INDEX TO AUTHORS, TITLES, AND FIRST LINES.



 
 
 
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