The Longman Anthology of British Literature

General Editor David Damrosch

2 vols. (New York: Longman, 1999*)

*Available now, in paper and cloth; cloth ISBN 0-321-04772-9


In Volume 2:

The Romantics & Their Contemporaries

Edited by Susan Wolfson and Peter Manning



INTRODUCTION

* ILLUSTRATIONS Byron, Robinson, political cartoons, Martin's Bard.


ANNA LAETITIA BARBAULD

The Mouse's Petition to Dr. Priestley

On a Lady's Writing

Inscription for an Ice-House

To a Little Invisible Being Who Is Expected Soon to Become Visible

To the Poor

Washing Day

The First Fire

Eighteen-Hundred and Eleven

*COMPANION READING from John Wilson Croker's review of 1811


PERSPECTIVES: THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND THE REVOLUTION CONTROVERSY

HELEN MARIA WILLIAMS, Letters From France (1790, 1796):
(1790) arrival in Paris: "the most sublime spectacle"
"a depiction of the federation"
a visit to the Bastille prison.
(1796): the execution of Louis XVI
EDMUND BURKE, Reflections on the Revolution in France
"this strange chaos"
the constituent parts of the state
"our liberties, as an entailed inheritance"
"levellers can never equalize"
"the real rights of men"
"the morning of 6 October 1789"
the arrest and imprisonment of the king and queen;
"this great drama"
society is a contract
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT, Vindication of the Rights of Men:
Advertisement
"sensibility"
tradition, authority, slavery and natural rights
property and virtue
romance and chivalry
women
the rich and the poor
THOMAS PAINE, The Rights of Man
"man has no property in man"
"principles not persons"
Burke "pities the plumage, but forgets the dying bird"
"the equal rights of man"
"the Republican system"
WILLIAM GODWIN, from Political Justice
Of Justice ["saving the life of Fenelon"]
Of Revolutions
Of the Enjoyment of Liberty: "Evils of cohabitation--and marriage"
*SEE ALSO: selection in MARY SHELLEY: FRANKENSTEIN IN CONTEXT
ANTI-JACOBIN
poetry (22 November 1797)
*ILLUSTRATION:"The Knife-Grinder"
HANNAH MORE, Village Politics
*SEE ALSO selections in ABOLITION and RIGHTS OF WOMEN
ARTHUR YOUNG
from Travels in France, 1787, 1788, 1789 (1792):
from The Example of France a Warning to Britain (2d edn, 1793)
*SEE ALSO: WILLIAM WORDSWORTH,
The Prelude, selections from 1805 Books 9 and 10,
1850 Book 7: 512-43
*SEE ALSO: SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE,
selections from Once a Jacobin, Always a Jacobin;
Jacobinism

WILLIAM BLAKE

All Religions are One

There is No Natural Religion (a and b)

from Songs of Innocence (1789)
Introduction
The Ecchoing Green
The Lamb, with plate
The Little Black Boy, with two plates
The Chimney Sweeper
* COMPANION READING: from Charles Lamb, In Praise of Chimney Sweepers
The Divine Image
Holy Thursday
Nurse's Song
Infant Joy
from Songs of Experience (1794)
The Fly, with plate
The Clod and the Pebble
Holy Thursday
The Tyger, with plate
The Chimney Sweeper
The Sick Rose
Ah! Sun-Flower
The Garden of Love
London
The Human Abstract
Infant Sorrow
A Poison Tree, with plate
A Divine Image
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
*SEE ALSO Milton's Satan in MARY SHELLEY: FRANKENSTEIN IN CONTEXT
Visions of the Daughters of Albion
*SEE ALSO selections from Mary in RIGHTS OF WOMEN
LETTERS
To Revd Dr. Trusler, 23 August 1799
from To Thomas Butts, 22 November 1802

* PERSPECTIVES: ABOLITION OF SLAVERY AND THE SLAVE TRADE
OLAUDAH EQUIANO, from The Interesting Narrative
MARY PRINCE, from The History of Mary Prince, a West Indian Slave
THOMAS BELLAMY, The Benevolent Planters
ANN YEARSLEY, from A Poem on the Inhumanity of the Slave-Trade
WILLIAM COWPER, The Slave-Trader in the Dumps
HANNAH MORE, Cheap Repository Tracts: The Sorrows of Yamba
ROBERT SOUTHEY, Sonnets Concerning the Slave Trade
DOROTHY WORDSWORTH, Grasmere Journal, March 1802
GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON, Detached Thoughts (1821-1822)
THOMAS CLARKSON, The Abolition of the Slave-Trade
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
from EDINBURGH REVIEW, October 1821: The Foreign Slave Trade

MARY ROBINSON

sonnets from Sappho and Phaon
IV: Sappho discovers her passion
XII: Sappho anticipates meeting Phaon
XVIII: Sappho to Phaon, "Why art thou changed?"
XXX: Sappho's farewell to Lesbos
XXXVII: Sappho foresees her death

Lyrical Tales (1800): The Haunted Beach

The Camp

London's Summer Morning

The Old Beggar

January, 1795


MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT

A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
from dedication to M. Talleyrand-Périgord, Late bishop of Antun
Introduction
from Ch 1: Rights and Involved Duties of Mankind Considered
from Ch 2: The Prevailing Opinion of a Sexual Character Discussed
from Ch 3: The Same Subject continued
from Ch 5: [Praise of Catherine Macaulay]
from Chapter 13: Some Instances of the folly Which the Ignorance of Women Generates; with Concluding Reflections on the Moral Improvement that a Revolution in Female Manners Might naturally Be Expected to Produce

Jemima's story from Maria; or, The Wrongs of Woman


* PERSPECTIVES: THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN
CATHERINE MACAULAY, Letters on Education (1790)
ANNA LAETITIA BARBAULD, The Rights of Woman
On MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT
RICHARD POLWHELE, from The Unsex'd Females
PRISCILLA WAKEFIELD, The present Condition of the Female Sex:
MARY ANNE RADCLIFFE, The Female Advocate
HANNAH MORE, Strictures on Female Education
MARY ANNE LAMB
WILLIAM THOMPSON & ANNA WHEELER, Appeal of Women Against Men (1825)

JOANNA BAILLIE

from "Introductory Discourse" to Plays on the Passions (1798)

Fugitive Verses (1790-1840)
London
A Mother to Her Waking Infant
A Child to his sick Grandfather
Thunder
Song: Woo'd and married and a'

*LITERARY BALLADS
RELIQUES OF ANCIENT ENGLISH POETRY (1765)
ROBERT BURNS
THOMAS MOORE, from Irish Melodies (1807-1834)

WILLIAM WORDSWORTH

from Lyrical Ballads, 1798
*SEE ALSO COLERIDGE: The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere (1798)
Simon Lee, The Old Huntsman, with an Incident in which He was Concerned
We are seven
Lines written in early spring
The Thorn
Expostulation and Reply
The Tables Turned; an Evening Scene, on the same subject
Old Man travelling, Animal Tranquillity and Decay, A Sketch
Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey
from Lyrical Ballads, 1800
from Preface:
There was a Boy
Strange fits of passion I have known
Song (A slumber did my spirit seal)
Song (She dwelt among th'undtrodden ways)
Lucy Gray
Poor Susan
Nutting
Three years she grew in sun and shower
Michael, a pastoral
*COMPANION READINGS:
Francis Jeffrey on Lyrical Ballads, Edinburgh Review, 1802
Charles Lamb,
  • from letter to Wm Wordsworth, 30 Jan 1800, on Lyrical Ballads, 1800; on city life
  • from letter to Thomas Manning, 15 Feb. 1801, on Wordsworth's and Coleridge's reaction to his letter of 30 January
*SEE ALSO COLERIDGE, selections from Biographia Literaria, chs 14 and 17
KEATS, letters of 3 February 1818, 3 May 1818 and 27 October 1818
Sonnets 1802-1807
Prefatory Sonnet: ("Nuns fret not at their Convent's narrow room")
The World is too much with us
Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1803
It is a beauteous Evening, calm and free
1801 ("I grieved for Buonaparte")
London, 1802
*SEE ALSO sonnets by William Wordsworth in ABOLITION:
The Prelude (1805)
Book First. Introduction, Childhood, and School-time
from Book Second: School-time continued
from Book Fourth: Summer Vacation
from Book Fifth: Books
from Book Sixth: Cambridge, and the Alps
from Book Seventh: Residence in London
from Book Ninth: Residence in France
from Book Tenth: Residence in France and the French Revolution
from Book Eleventh: Imagination
from Book Thirteenth: Conclusion

Resolution and Independence

I wandered lonely as a cloud

My heart leaps up

Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood

The Solitary Reaper

Elegiac Stanzas Suggested by a Picture of Peele Castle

from Preface to The Excursion (1814)
*COMPANION READINGS: Francis Jeffrey, 1814 review of The Excursion

Surprised by Joy--Impatient as the Wind

Scorn not the Sonnet (1827)

Extempore Effusion Upon the Death of James Hogg

*SEE ALSO excerpt from the headnote in FELICIA HEMANS
WORDSWORTH in REVOLUTION and ABOLITION Perspectives

DOROTHY WORDSWORTH

An Address to a child in a high wind

Grasmere--A Fragment

Irregular Verses

Lines intended for my Niece's Album

Floating Island at Hawkshead, An Incident in the Schemes of Nature

Thoughts on my sick-bed

When shall I tread your garden path

The Worship of this sabbath morn

GRASMERE JOURNAL
Home alone: 14 and 18 May, 1800
Meeting a leech-gatherer: 3 October 1800
A beggar-woman: 27 November 1801
An old soldier: 22 December 1801
The Grasmere mailman: 8 February 1802
A vision of the moon: 18 March 1802
A field of daffodils: 15 April 1802
A beggar-woman from Cockermouth: 4 May 1802
London: 27 July 1802
Calais, France: 1 August 1802
The household in winter 25 Dec. 1802-3 Jan. 1803
LETTERS
To Jane Pollard [a scheme of happiness] 16 Feb 1793
To Lady Beaumont [a gloomy Christmas] 25 December 1805
To Lady Beaumont [her poetry, William's poetry] 20 April 1806
To Mrs. Thomas Clarkson [household labors] 8 December 1808
To Mrs. Thomas Clarkson [a prospect of publishing] 9 December 1810
To William Johnson [mountain-climbing with a woman] 21 October 1818

SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE

Sonnet to the River Otter
*COMPANION READING: William Lisle Bowles, To the River Itchin, Near Winton

The Eolian Harp, Composed at Clevedon, Somersetshire

This Lime-Tree Bower, My Prison

The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere, Argument and Part I (1798)

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (1817)
*COMPANION READINGS:

Kubla Khan, or, A Vision in a Dream, A Fragment

Christabel

Frost at Midnight

Dejection an Ode

On Donne's Poetry (1836)

Work Without Hope

Constancy to an Ideal Object (1828)

Epitaph (1834)

from The Statesman's Manual:"Symbol" and "Allegory"

Biographia Literaria
from Chapter 4
from Chapter 11
from Chapter 13
from Chapter 14
from Chapter 17
Essays in The Morning Post
from Jacobinism (4 January 1800)
from Once a Jacobin, Always a Jacobin (21 October 1802)
from Lectures on Shakespeare
Mechanic vs. Organic Form
The character of Hamlet
Stage illusion and the willing suspension of disbelief
Oxymoron
Othello
*COLERIDGE'S LECTURES ON SHAKESPEARE IN CONTEXT
Charles Lamb and Mary Lamb, Preface to Tales from Shakespear (1807)
Charles Lamb, from On the Tragedies of Shakspeare Considered with Reference to Their Fitness for Stage Representation (1811)
William Hazlitt
from Lecture 3, On the English Poets: On Shakespeare and Milton (1818)
from Hamlet, in The Characters of Shakespear's Plays
Thomas DeQuincey, On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth (1821)

GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON

She walks in beauty

So, we'll go no more a'roving

Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto III
92-97: lightning and thunder over the Rhone
111-113 Byron's strained idealism
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto IV (1818)
93-98: political despair
139-45: dying gladiator
178-186: apostrophe to the Ocean; conclusion
*COMPANION READINGS
John Wilson, from Edinburgh Review (1818)
John Scott, from London Magazine (1821)
Don Juan (1819-1824)
Dedication
Canto I (1819)
from Canto II (1819): shipwreck; Juan and Haidée
from Canto III (1821): Juan and Haidée; the poet for hire
from Canto VII (1823): critique of military "glory"
from Canto XI (1823): Juan in England

When a man hath no freedom to fight for at home

On this day, I complete my thirty-sixth year

LETTERS
On Childe Harold's Pilgrimage III, 28 January 1817
On Don Juan, 6 April 1819 and from 12 August 1819
On Don Juan, 26 October 1819
On Don Juan, 16 February 1821
*SEE ALSO selections from letters in PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY: to Shelley 26 April 1821 and to Murray 30 July 1821, on the death of John Keats

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY

To Wordsworth

Mont Blanc

Hymn to Intellectual Beauty

Sonnet: Lift not the Painted Veil

Ozymandias

England in 1819

The Mask of Anarchy

Ode to the West Wind

To a Sky-Lark

To--("Music, when soft voices die")

Adonais
*COMPANION READING, George Gordon, Lord Byron
from Hellas, including the choruses:
Worlds on worlds are rolling ever
The world's great age begins anew

from A Defence of Poetry

SEE ALSO:
selections from Alastor and A Defence of Poetry in FRANKENSTEIN IN CONTEXT;
and JOHN KEATS, letter to Shelley 16 August 1820

FELICIA DOROTHEA BROWNE HEMANS

Tales and Historical Scenes
The Wife of Asdrubal
The Last Banquet of Antony and Cleopatra

Evening Prayer at a Girls' School

Casabianca

Records of Woman
The Bride of the Greek Isles
Properzia Rossi
Indian-Woman's Death Song
Joan of Arc, in Rheims

The Homes of England

The Graves of a Household

Corinne at the Capitol

Woman and Fame

*COMPANION READINGS:
Francis Jeffrey, from Edinburgh Review 1828
William Wordsworth, from headnote to Extempore Effusion

JOHN CLARE
Written in November (both Clare's version and his editor's version)
Songs Eternity
The Lament of Swordy Well
The Mouse's Nest
Cock a Clay
I am

JOHN KEATS

On First Looking Into Chapman's Homer
*COMPANION READINGS

On Seeing the Elgin Marbles

On the Grasshopper and the Cricket

*SEE ALSO To One Who Has Been Long in City Pent (1817) in FRANKENSTEIN IN CONTEXT

from Sleep and Poetry (1817)
*COMPANION READING from "On the Cockney School of Poetry," Papers I and IV, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine

On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again

When I have fears that I may cease to be

The Eve of St. Agnes

La Belle Dame sans Mercy (Indicator version)

Incipit Altera Sonneta (If by dull rhymes)

The Odes of 1819
Ode to Psyche
Ode to a Nightingale
Ode on a Grecian Urn
Ode on Indolence
Ode on Melancholy
To Autumn
The Fall of Hyperion: A Dream
*SEE ALSO selections from Keats's marginalia to Paradise Lost (1818) in MARY SHELLEY: FRANKENSTEIN IN CONTEXT

This Living Hand

Bright star

LETTERS:
November 1817: "Imagination" versus "Philosophy"
December 1817: "Negative Capability"
3 February 1818: On Wordsworth's egotism
27 February 1818: " a few axioms" on "Poetry"
March 1818: "reality" and "ardent pursuit"
May 1818: Life as a "Mansion of Many Apartments" with a Chamber of Maiden-Thought" and "dark passages"; Wordsworth greater than Milton
July 1818: "I have not a right feeling about women.
October 1818: Keats as "camelion Poet" versus "the wordsworthian or egotistical sublime"
February-May 1818: indolence, misfortune, speculative minds; Life as a "vale of soul-making"
July 1819: "You take possession of me"
To Percy Bysshe Shelley, 16 August 1820: "an artist must serve Mammon"
November 1820: "I always made an awkward bow"

MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT SHELLEY

Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818 text)
from the edition of 1831
*COMPANION READINGS

*FRANKENSTEIN IN CONTEXT:

John Milton, Paradise Lost (1674)
from Book 1: Satan speaks
from Book 4:
from Book 8: Adam recounts his awakening in Paradise
from Book 9: Satan in Paradise, ready to seduce Eve; Satan in Hell
from Book 10: Adam's soliloquy after the Fall (the source of Mary Shelley's epigraph)
from Book 12: exile from Eden (the conclusion of Paradise Lost)
William GODWIN, from Political Justice (1793)
Lady Caroline LAMB, from Glenarvon
John KEATS
Sonnet: To one who has been long in city pent;
marginalia to Paradise Lost
William HAZLITT, On Shakespeare and Milton
Percy Bysshe SHELLEY
from Preface to Prometheus Unbound;
from A Defence of Poetry
Thomas DE QUINCEY, from a review, What do we mean by Literature?
*SEE ALSO WILLIAM BLAKE, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell

*PERSPECTIVES: POPULAR PROSE AND THE PROBLEMS OF AUTHORSHIP

SIR WALTER SCOTT
Introduction to Tales from My Landlord, with illustration
CHARLES LAMB
Oxford in the Vacation
Old China
Dream Children
WILLIAM HAZLITT
On Gusto
My First Acquaintance with Poets
THOMAS DE QUINCEY
London Magazine (1820), from Confessions of an English Opium Eater
JANE AUSTEN
Pride and Prejudice (1813), Volume I, Chapter 1
Emma (1816), Volume 1, Chapter 1
Letter to J. S. Clarke, 11 December 1815
WILLIAM COBBETT, Rural Rides, 8 August 1823


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