[Index to Vols. 1-4 of Nichols:]

INDEX TO THE BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES, and matters incidentally illustrated.

[Things I have noticed about this index:

A. Only a note is indexed, so that there may be another place where one of Pope's poems appears that isn't in this index bec. Pope himself is not there footnoted.

B. This index applies only to volumes 1-4; there is another index at the beginning of volume 5 for 5-8.

C. When names and subjects that appear in poems (they are subjects in the poems and not authors of them) are footnoted, they are italicized, whereas authors' names that have footnotes are not. An author can be the subject of someone else's poem, too:]


[A Note about my Method: The index is included in full here; it is sometimes interrupted by notes copied from the volume and page number to which the index sends readers.]


Achilles, ii. 252.

Adams, William, ii.21.

Ægon, iii.102.

Æsop at Court, iv. 198.

Æsop in Spain, iv. 249

Aldridge, Dean, ii.220

[This means that in volume ii, on p. 220, there is a poem that mentions this person and a note explaining who they are:] *The celebrated dean of Christ-Church. N. ["N" means Nichols]

Allestry, Jacob, iii. 94.

Aristæus, ii.58

Arlington, Earl of, i.167.

Arlington Gardens, ii.164.

Aston, Anthony, iv.355.

Aston, Major, ii.143.

Ayloffe, Captain, iii.50.186. [50 was a note about his name appearing in a poem; on 186 is his poem and a note about him.]

Bathurst, Dr. i.267.

Beale, Mary, iv.267.

Behn, Aphara [sic.], i.85.145. [One footnote is a note about her bec. she has written a poem (85) and another a note about her name occuring in a poem, directing you to the note about her (145).]

[i.85:] On the Death of Mr. Waller. By Mrs. Aphra Behn*.

* Born at Canterbury in the reign of Charles I. Her father, whose name was Johnson, being related to lord Willoughby, was appointed lieutenant-general of Surinam, and [85 / 86] embarked for the West Indies with his family whilst Aphara was very young. He died on his passage; but his family arrived at Surinam, where his daughter became acquainted with Prince Oronooko, whose story she has given. Soon after her return to england, she was married to Mr. Behn, a merchant of Dutch extraction. She was employed by Charles II, in 1666, in a political negotiation at Antwerp, which she managed with much dexterity; but her intelligence (though well-founded) being disregarded, she renounced all state affairs, and amused herself some time with the gallantries of Antwerp; and, when she arrived at London, dedicated the rest of her life to pleasure and poetry. She published three volumes of miscellany poems, the first in 1684, the second in 1685, and the third in 1688. The consist of songs and other little pieces, by the earl of Rochester, Sir George Etherege, Mr. Henry Crisp, and others, with some pieces of her own. To the second miscellany, is annexed a translation of the duke of Rochefoucault's Moral Reflections, under the title of "Seneca unmasked," an edition of which was printed in 1727, in four volumes 12mo. She wrote also seventeen plays, some histories and novels; and translated M. Fontenelle's History of Oracles, and Plurality of Worlds, to which last she annexed an essay on translation and translated prose. The paraphrase of [OE]Œnone's epistle to Paris, in the English [86 / 87] translation of Ovid's epistles, is Mrs. Behn's; and Mr. Dryden, in his preface to that work, pays her the following compliment: "I was desired to say, that the author, who is of the fair sex, understood not Latin; but if she does not, I am afraid she has given us occasion to be ashamed who do." She was also the authoress of the celebrated letters between a nobleman and his sister, printed in London, 1684; and we have extant of hers eight love-letters, to a gentleman whom she passionately loved, adn with whom she corresponded under the name of Lycidas. They are printed in the life and memoirs of Mrs. Behn, prefixed to her histories and novels. She died, after a long indisposition, April 16, 1689, and was buried in the Cloisters in Westminster-Abbey. There are several encomiums on Mrs. Behn prefixed to her "Lover's Watch;" and Mr. Gildon, who was intimately acquainted with our poetess, speaks of her in the highest terms. Dr. King tells us,
Astræa's lines flow on with so much ease,
That she who writes like her must surely please.
Yet, pleasing as they may be, the licentiousness of her dramatic pieces occasioned the just censure of Mr. Pope:
The stage how loosely does Astræa tread,
Who fairly puts all characters to bed! N. [87]

Bentley, Dr. iii.60.

Bishop, Thomas, iv.20.

Blackhall, Bishop, iii.56.

Bobart, Jacob, iii.145.

Bolingbroke, iii.234.iv.231.

Bowles, William, i.21.[a note saying] Some account of Mr. Bowles shall be given in this volume. [92, a full auth. note.]

Boyse, Samuel, ii.161.

Broome, iv.283.357

Browne, William, i.259

Buckhurst, Lord, i.249

Buckingham (Villiers), i.154.

Camden, iii, 41.

Cantata, Swift's, iv.305.

Cartwright, William, i.58.

Caryll, John, ii.I.

Cecilia, St. iv.28.64.357

Chapman, George, i.271.

Chetwood, Dean, i.29.70.iii.169.iv.348.

Cholmondeley, Earl, iii.98.

Clifford Matthew, iii.105.

Congreve, iv.14.

Cotton, Sir John, i.139.ii.154.

Counter-Scuffle, iii.237.

Coward, Dr., iii.51.

Cowley, iii.236.

Cowslade, Mr. iii.314. ["Verses to the Queen and Prince, on their visiting Oxford, 1702," 313, "II. Spoken by . . ." 314:] *I cannot find who Mr. Cowslade was; and it is remarkable, that not one of these four Speakers took a regular degree at the University. N.

Creech, Thomas, i.230.

Crofts, Dean, ii.141.

Cromwell, Henry, iii.115.

Crowne, John, iii.279. [[xi / xii]

Croxall, Archdeacon, iv.120.

Cruelty of the Spaniard in Peru, iii.202.

Curing-gold, iv.351.

Cutts, Lord, ii.192.327.

Dabl, ii.189.199.iv.355.

Danby, Earl, iii.154.iv.355.

Derby, Countess of, iv.11.

Devonshire, Duke of, iii.81.

Dorset, ii.201.iv.314.

Drayton, Michael, i.258.

Drunkenness unfashionable, iii.276. + It is an obvious remark, that, whatever may be the fashionable vices of the present age, drunkenness hat received a severe check among all ranks, and particularly in higher life. Not one of the abovementioned taverns now exists; and every man must remember an amazing number in London more than there are at present. N. [note to "The Counter-Scuffle, 1670. Whereunto is Added, The Counter-Rat, Written by R.S.," iii.237-278.]

Dryden, i.181.ii.88.90.

----- Charles, i.56.iv.293. [---- means "Dryden" again.]

Etherege, Sir Geo. i.144.192.

Evans, iii.118.8v.356.

Evelyn, John, ii.127.

Evremont, St. i.123.

Eusden, iv.128.

Fairbeard, Robert, iii.164.

Falkland, Lord, i.236.iv.354.

Fenner, William, iii.263.

Fenton, iv.33.

Finch, Heneage, iii.315.

Flatman, Thomas, iv.272.

Fortune Playhouse, i.255.iii.276.iv.354.

Foxton, Tho. iii.207.iv.356

Frith, a builder, i.30.iv.348.

Gainsborough, Earl of, iv. 318.

Gallus, iii.39.

Gardiner, James, iv.55.

Gaywood, ii.141.

Gibbons, Dr. ii.214.

Gibson, Bishop, iii.41.

Giffard, Lady. ii.33. Virgil's Last Eclogue, Translated, or rather Imitated, At the desire of Lady Giffard*, 1666. By Sir William Temple, Bart.+

*Sir William's favourite sister, a lady of uncommon merit and goodness, and companion to him in all his foreign embassies. She was addressed by Sir W. Gissard; who dying during the courtship, he begged the young lady to bear his name; and, to enable him to leave her his large estate; and that she might not shew herself unworthy of his esteem, she made a vow (though in her tender youth) never to marry any other man, but to live his widow: and this she faithfully performed. She died in 1722, at the age of 84. An old-fashioned monument with an epitaph, which seems to have been designed by Sir. W. Temple in his life- time is erected in Westminster Abbey, "To himself, and those most dear to him; to his most beloved daughter; to his most beloved wife; and to Martha Giffard his best of sisters." N.

+ "Sir William Temple was descended from a younger branch of a family of that name, seated at Temple Hall in [ii.33 / ii.34] Leicestershire. His grandfather was secretary to the unfortunate earl of Essex, favourite of queen Elizabeth, and his father was Sir John Temple, master of the rolls in Ireland. He was as much above the common level of politicians, as he was above the herd of authors. He displayed his great abilities in several important treaties and negotiations, the most considerable of which was the bringing to a happy conclusion the famous triple league betwixt England, Sweden, and Holland. This alliance, though the most prudent step ever taken by Charles II. was soon defeated by the Cabal, a set of men who were as great a disgrace to their country, as Sir William Temple was an honour to it. He was strongly solicited to go over to Holland, in order to break that league which he had a little before concluded: but he was too much a patriot to yield to any solicitations of that kind; and chose to retire into the country, where he was much better employed in writing his excellent "Observations on the United Provinces," and other elegant works. Few authors have been more read, or more justly admired, than Sir William Temple. He displays his great knowledge of books, and men in an elegant, easy, and negligent style, much like the language of genteel conversation. His vanity often prompts him to speak of himself; but he and Montaigne are never more pleasing than when they dwell on that difficult subject. It is a hppy circumstance fo rhis readers, taht so polite and learned a writer was also a vain one: they are great gainers by his foible. He is sometimes inaccurate; [p. 34 / 35] but his inaccuracies escape us unseen, or are very little attended to. We can easily forgive a little incorrectness of drawing in the paintings of a Correggio, when there is so much beauty and grace to atone for it. He died in January 1691, in his seventieth year." Thus far from Granger.--Sir William's Posthumous Works were published by Dr. Swift; who is supposed to have written the Life. A good edition of them was printed in 1770, in four volumes 8vo. The number of his poems being small, he is but little known as a poet, though surely some of them are very beautiful. I have by accident a thin volume, in 8vo. without title or date, with MS. corrections, formerly belonging to Lady Giffard, which there is great reason to believe was printed only for private use and never published, whence the reader will be gratified with some poems which may not improperly be called original. N.

Gildon, Charles, iv.23.

Glanvill, John, iv.251.

Goddard, Thomas, iii.74.

Godolphin, Sidney, i.116.

Haines, Joseph, iv.186.

Halifax, iv.314.

Hall, Bishop, ii.148.

Hammond, Anthony, ii.204.

Harcourt, Simon, iii.313.

Harrison, William, iv.180.

Higgons, Sir Thomas, i.42.

---Bevil, i.128.iii.111.312.iv.335.

[i.128:] On the Death of Mr. Waller. By Mr. Bevil Higgons*.

* A younger son of Sir Thomas Higgons (already mentioned, p. 42) by Bridget his second wife. At the age of 16, he became a commoner of St. John's College, Oxford, in Lent term 1686; and went afterwards to Cambridge. Wood enumerates five of his poems. He wrote some others; and was the author of a tragedy intituled, "The Generous Conqueror, or the Timely Discovery," acted at Drury Lane, and printed in 4to, 1702. See the prologue to this tragedy in Lord Lansdowne's Poems, p. 220. He was a steady adherent to the cause of the exiled family; and accompanied K. James into France, where maintained his wit and good-humour undepressed by his misfortunes. On the publication of Bishop Burnet's History of his own Times, he wrote some strictures on it, in a volume, intituled, "Historical and Critical Remarks;" the second edition of which was printed in 8vo, 1727; and, in the same year, published "A short View of the English History; with Reflections, Political, Historical, Civil, Physical, and Moral; on the Reigns of the Kings; their Characters, and Manners; their Successions to the Trhone, and all other remarkable Incidents to the Revolution 1688. Drawn from authentic [i.128 / i.129] Memoirs and MSS. By B. Higgons, of The Middle Temple, Esq."--"These papers," he tells us in his Preface, "lay covered with dust 36 years, till every person concerned in the transactions mentioned was removed from the stage." He died the 1st of March, 1735. [129]

[iii.111] Song on a Lady Indisposed. By Mr. Bevil Higgons*.

* An account of this poet has been already printed in vol. I. p. 128; to which the following anecdote may be added. "King Charles II. sold Dunkirk to Louis XIV. and gave him English oak enough to build the very fleet that afterwards attacked and defeated one of ours in Bantry Bay on the coast of Ireland. This puts me in mind of the foresight of a gentleman, who had been some time envoy from the king [iii.111 / 112]to the princes and states of Italy, and who, in his return home, made the coast of France his road; in order to be as useful to his country as possible, and to his sovereign too, as he thought. In his audience of the king, he told his majesty, that the French were hard at work, building men of war in several of the ports, and that such a hasty increase of the naval power of France could not but threaten England's sovereignty [sic.] of the seas, and consequently portend destruction to her trade. The gentleman was in the right, for our trade and the sovereignty of the seas are dependent on each other; they must live or die together. But what a recompense do you think he met with for his fidelity? really such a one as I would hardly have believed, had I been told it by any person but his own son, the late Mr. Bevil Higgons, whose works both in prose and verse, have made him known to all the men of letters in Britain, and whose attachment to the family of Stuart, even to his dying day, puts his veracity in this point out of dispute. The recompense was a sever reprimand from the king, as the fore-runner to the laying him aside, for talking of things which his majesty told him it was not his business to meddle with." I forrget from which of the political writers between 1730 and 1740 this anecdote was transcribed; most probably The Craftsman. N.

[iii.312.] Lines by Mr. Higgons*, in the Blank Leaf of "The Royal Mischief," A Tragedy, by Mrs. Manley."

* See an account of this writer, and some of his poems, vol. I. p. 125 [mistake: 128]; and in this volume p. 111.--I have since been told, that he published a poem on the Peace of Utrecht; and had some others by him, which he intended for the press. He was first cousin to the late earl Granville. Two lines of his verses on the Death of Dr. Waller, vol. I. p. 130, are evidently to be traced in the following couplet of Tickell, in the English Poets, vol. XXV. p. 188.
"Near to those chambers, where the mighty rest,
Since their foundation, came a nobler guest." N.

[iv.335.] Epilogue to Heroic Love. Written by Mr. Bevil Higgons*.

* Several poems by this writer have been given in these volumes. Some verses by Mrs. Elizabeth Higgons (supposed to be his sister) are printed in the English Poets, vol. XXV.. p. 182. among the poems of Lord Lansdowne, to whom they are addressed. They are also printed, with some variations, in the Biographical Dictionary, art. Granville. N.

Holdsworth, Edward, iii.53.

Hopkins, Bishop, ii.187.

Howard, Hon. Edward, iii.105

Howard, Sir Robert, i.145.147.iii.330.iv.352.

Howe, John, i.209.

Hughes, iii.87.[a poem with initials "J.H," who might be John Hughes, N says].iv.301.

Jackson, J. iv.66.

Jonson, Ben, i.137.iv.350.

King, iii.3. [William King; pictured on iii frontispiece.]

The Eagle and the Robin. By Dr. King*, of the Commons. Not Printed in his Works.

* To the works of this excellent Humourist, which were first collected in 1776, I previxed some Memoirs of his LIfe; which have since been so elegantly epitomized, that it would be superfluous to englarge on this article. Some extracts from his last biographer shall therefore supply the place: "[quotes Johnson's Life--where b., genealogy, educ., deg., career and life events, sprinkled with moral judgments, sickness, death, charac eval., works eval., on iii.3-5]." I need not repeat that this is quoted from Dr. Johnson.

The poems which are now presented to the reader are none of them in the late collection of the English Poets. N.

King (Bishop), i.249.

Knapp, Francis, iv.289.

Lee, Nath. i.46.349.iv.350.

L'Estrange, Sir Roger, iii.237.

Loory, ii.54.iv.354 [a note saying that it might be a parrot, ii.54, and a note saying that it is indeed a parrot although there are different species, iv.354.

Manley, Mrs. iv.19.

Prologue* to "Lucius," a Tragedy By Mrs. Manley. By Sir Richard Steele+.

* See the epilogue by Prior, English Poets, vol. XXX. p. 271. N.

+To Sir Richard Steele Mrs. Manley inscribed her play. "While common Dedications (she observes) are stuffed with painful panegyricks, the plain and honest business of this, is only to do an act of justice, and to end a former misunderstanding between the author and him whom she here makes her patron. In consideration that one knows not how far what we ahve said of each other may affect our character in the world, I take ift for an act of honour to declare, on my part, that I have not known a greater mortification than when I have reflected upon the severities which have flowed from a pen, which is now you see disposed as much to celebrate and commend you. On your part, your sincere endeavour to promote the reputation and success of the Tragedy, are infallible testimonies of the candour and friendship you retain for me. I rejoice in this public retribution; and with pleasure acknowledge that I find by experience that some useful notices, which I had the good fortune to give you for your conduct in former life with some hazard to myself, were not to be blotted out of your memory by any hardships that followed them." See the particulars of their disputes in Cibber's Life of Mrs. Manley, and in the "Supplement to Swift." N. [iv.19]

Martial, iv.18.

Mayne, Dr. Jasper, i.252.

Menage, i.168.

Mermaid Tavern, iv.354.

Middleton, Earl of,ii.114.

Milbourne, Luke, iv.320.358.

Moyle, Walter, i.202.

Newburg, Countess, iv.327. [A note about her in:] Almahide, An Ode. By Mr. Henry St. John, Afterwards Lord Bolingborke. First printed in 1701. [iv.321-327, line of poem:] With Mira* he begins his lays, . . . .

*The Countess of Newbourg; against whom Dr. King wrote "The Toast," when she was grown old and ugly. N.

Newcastle, Dutch.iv.194.353.

Newcomb, Thomas, iv.355.

Norfolk Drollery, ii.141. [title of a book]

Oldham, John, ii.119.

Old Playhouses, iii.276.

Orinda (Mrs. Philipps), ii.50. [even though this is not italicized, it is a note about Orinda, and not a poem by her.] On Mrs. Philipps's Death*. At the Desire of My Lady Temple. By the Same [Sir William Temple]; Not in his Works.

* [a three-page note: geneal. and birthplace, death, pub. of poems; quotations from writers on her and she on other writers.]

Ormond, James Duke of, i.84.

Orrery, Charles Earl of, iv.70.

--- Roger Earl of, iv.163.

Ossory, Thomas Earl of, i.75.

Ovid, ii.147.

Parker, Martin, iii.263.iv.356

Parnell, iii.208.

Pastoral Poetry, i.96.iv.351

[i.96] The Reapers*, Theocritus, Idyll.X. By the Same. [William Lisle Bowles.]

* This Idyllium is generally excluded by the critics from the number of pastorals; but is considered as such by Mr. Fawkes, in his translation of the Syracusan bard. I am aware that in the preface to that elegant performance, not only this of Mr. Bowles, but all former versions of Theocritus, are reprobated, as sounding harshly in the polished ear of the present age. How far the poetry of Bowles deserves this censure, let the reader determine. N. [96]

[iv.351, in the "Additional Remarks and Corrections" section of vol. 4 at the end that comments on vols. 1-4:]

P. 96. Dr Johnson, in his 37th Rambler, has given this very rational definition of Pastoral Poetry: "Pastoral, being the representation of an Action or Passion, by its effects on a Country Life, has nothing peculiar but its confinement to Rural Imagery, without which it ceases to be Pastoral." A simplicity of style may, perhaps, be equally necessary.

Philips, Ambrose, iv.296.

Philips, John, iv.274.

Philips, John, iv. 282.

Physic-garden, Oxford, iii.154

Pitt, iv.307.

Pope, iv.299.

Pope, Dr. Walter, i.170.

Prior, I.viii [i.e., preface to vol. I, p. viii].ii.332.iv.46

Pulteney, Mr. iii.316.

Radcliffe, Capt. i.141.iii.163.

Red-Bull Playhouse, i.256.

Remond, Francis, i.I.

Riley, John, i.124.

Rochester, iii.200.

Rymer, Tho. i.120.iv.351.

Sacheverell, Dr. iii.194.

Sannazarius, iv.91.

Savile, Lord, iii.27. [xii / xiii]

Sawyer, Sir Robert, i.220.

Scrope, Sir Car, i.6.

Sedley, Sir Charles, i. 89.

Selden, John, i. 263.

Seymour, Lady Eliz. iii.89 [geneal. and marriage only]

Smith, iv.62.

Smith, Consul, iv.300.

Sprat, iii.185. [No note is given here, just:] Epigram on a Pigmy's Death. By Dr. Sprat; Not in his Works.

Stafford, Richard, ii.25.

Steele, Sir Richard, iii.71. [Steele mentioned in the poem on this page, but there is no note here;] 74 [Steele the topic in note] .237 [a "Richard Steer" mentioned in the note here].iv.I

[iv.1-8: This footnote, goes on from p. 1 of vol. 4 to p. 8, inclusive, taking up most of the page in each case except 7, where it is about half: where born--Dublin--where educated "with Mr. Addison at the Charter-house." military duty, during which he "commenced author, by writing . . ."; works, pp. 1-2.] His next appearance as a writer was , in his own words, "in the quality of the lowest minister of state, as gazetteer;" an office he owed to Mr. Addison's introducing him to the earls of Hallifax and Sunderland. In 1709 He began "The Tatler;" and was soon made one of the commissioners of the stamp-office. When he laid down this paper, we are told by Mr. Gay, [3-page long quotation, which ends p. 4. Immediately another quotation follows]." In 1710-11, in concert with Mr. Addision, he set up "The Spectator;" a work, which, as Dr. Johnson observes, "[paragraph-long quotation; then more journal beginnings "The Guardian," "The Englishman," and more quotations-- letter from Addison to Mr. Hughes among them, p. 5. All his publications mixed in with events in his life in remaining 3 pages.]

Stepney, iv.315. [on p. 315, there is a poem by Stepney, but not a note.]

Stevenson, Matthew, ii.141

Swift, iv.303.357.

Sylvius, iv.270.

Tadlow, Dr. iii.162.

Talbot, J. iii.89

Tate, Nahum, ii.7.iv.354.

Temple, Sir William, ii.33.

Tickell, iv.316.

Tofts, Mrs. iv.299. Epigram on Mrs. Tofts, A handsome woman witha fine voice but very covetous and proud*. By Mr. Pope; not printed in his works.

So bright is thy beaut, so charming thy song,
As had drawn both the beasts and their Orpheus along;
But such is thy avarice, and such is thy pride,
That the beasts must have starv'd, and the poet have died.

* This epigram, first printed anonymously in Steele's Collection, and copied in the Miscellanies of Swift and Pope, is ascribed to Pope by Sir John Hawkins in his History of Music.--Mrs. Tofts, who was the daughter of a person in the family of Bp. Burnet, is celebrated as a singer little inferior, either for her voice or manner, to the best Italian women. She lived at the introduction of the opera into this [p. 299 / 300] kingdom, and sung in company with Nicolini; but, being ignorant of Italian, chanted her recitative in English, in answer to his Italian; yet the charms of their voices overcame the absurdity. Cibber, in the Apology for his Life, p. 26, speaks of her in very high terms; and in "The Tatler," No. 20, she is described under the character Camilla; a character, which, from her having represented the princess in the opera of that name, was supposed to have disordered her mind. In the meridian of her beauty, and possessed of a large sum of money which she had acquired by singing, Mrs. Tofts quitted the stage, and was married to Mr. Joseph Smith, a great collector of books, and patron of the arts; who being appointed consul at Venice, she went with him. He lived in great magnificence; but, the disorder of his wife returning, she dwelt sequestered from teh world in a remote part of the house, and had a large garden to range in, where she would frequently walk, singing and giving way to that innocent frenzy which had seized her in the early part of life. She died about the year 1760; and her husband about ten years after her. His numerous and valuable collection of books was brought over to this kingdom, and sold by auction. N.

Tom Dove, iv.222.

Townshend, Horatio, iv.258.

Vanbrugh, iii.143. [footnote about him in another poem; Sir John].iv.337.

Vaughan, John, Lord, iii.106.

Villiers, Viscount, iv.9.10.

Virgil, ii.2.

Voiture, i.201.

Wainfleet, Bishop, iii.156.

Waldren, Dr. iii.177.

Waller, iv.349.352.

Watts, iv.319.

Wesley, Samuel, iv.289.

Westminster Tombs, iv.169.

Wharton, Mrs. i.51.ii.329.iii.44.iv.356

[i.51:] On the Snuff of a Candle; made in sickness. By Mrs. Wharton*. *Anne, daughter and coheiress of Sir Henry Lee, of Ditchley, in Oxfordshire; who, having no son, left his estate to be divided between this lady and her sister Eleanor Coutness of Abingdon; whose memory Mr. Dryden has celebrated in a funeral panegyrick, Poems, vol. II. p.170. She was the marquis of Wharton's first wife, and died without issue. The earl of Rochester's mother was aunt to her father Sir Henry Lee; for which reason Mr. Waller, in his verses on an elegy made by her on that nobleman's death, (in his Poems, p. 183), says, they were allied both in genius and in blood. R. [I don't know who "R" is???]

[ii.329:] Elegy on the Earl of Rochester. By Mrs. Wharton*. * See some particular of this lady, vol. I p. 51. And see, in the English Poets, vol. VIII. p. 183, Mr. Waller's verses on the Elegy here printed; and in p. 229, another copy on Mrs. Wharton's "Paraphrase on the Lord's Prayer." His two cantos of Divine Poesy, p. 223, were "occasioned upon sight of the 53d chapter of Isaiah, turned into verse by Mrs. Wharton." Her "Verses to Mr. Waller" are mentioned by Ballard; and her translation of "Penelope to Ulysses" is printed in Tonson's edition of Ovid's Epistles. In 1681, she was in France on account of her health, as appears from several letters to her husband; about 1682, she held a correspondence by letters with Dr. Gilbert Burnet, amny of which are made public. Dr. Burnet wrote several poems, which he sent her. She died at Adderbury, Oct. 29, 1685; and was buried at Winchenden. N. [329]

[iii.44; a note to "Bibliotheca: A Poem. Occasioned by the Sight of a Modern Library. With some very useful episodes and digressions. Probably by the same (=Dr. William King) in which N is confused about which Mrs. Wharton he means.]

[iv.356, a comment on the previous, confused note:] Volume III [355] . . . P.44. It since appears that Mrs. Wharton (wife to Thomas Wharton, esq; before he succeeded to a peerage) is the same whose poems are printed in these volumes. Her article in the General Dictionary is a short one; but the notes on it contain two letters from her to her husband, and twelve from Dr. Brunet to Mrs. Wharton. The marguis's second wife had also poetical abilities, as will appear in vol. V. p. 10. A small epigram by the marquis is preserved in the Supplement to Swift.

Whiston, William, iii.65.

Whitaker, Dr. ii.145.

Williams, Sir William, i.220.

Winchester House, ii.176.

Wither, George, iii.34.

Woodford, Dr. Samuel, iv.261.265.346.

Wolseley, Rob. i.138.ii.105.

Yalden, iii.166.iv.198.357. [This note tells who Nichols is, and how he worked off the leavings of the "English Poets":iii.166:] To the Memory of a Fair Young Lady, By Dr. Yalden+, 1697.

+ Of this writer's life, Dr. Johnson's elegant little composition supersedes what otherwise might have been said. Yalden's "Hymn to Darkness" is "his best performance," being "for the most part imagined with great vigour, and [iii.166 / 167] expressed with great propriety. Of his other poems it is sufficient to say that they deserve perusal, though they are not always exactly polished." I the rather cite this testimony of the great Biographer, as the publishers of the English Poets have been censured for admitting Yalden into their collection; a censure which, if deserved, I must take upon myself. However it happened that this writer's poems had never been collected, I am persuaded that there are few who have actually read them but must have found much to admire. In the "English Poets" I inserted as many of them as could then be met with. Farther researches have discovered what are here printed: but there are still four poems (which are known to be Dr. Yalden's, two of which are particularly noticed in Dr. Johnson's life of him) which have eluded my inquiries; "The Conqest of Namur, 1695" folio; "The Temple of Fame, to the Memory of the Duke of Gloucester, 1700," folio; "Æsop at Court;" and a poem "on the late Queen's accession," I suppose Queen Anne; which, by the title of it, seems not to have been published until after her death. N. [iii. 167]


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